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Adopting in Michigan

Adoption in Michigan

Michigan is an adoption-friendly state. In fact, it's been recognized as a leader for an innovative approach to adoption and our high adoptive placement rates. According to the State, the success of Michigan's program can be attributed to the unique partnership between public and private agencies responsible for adoption planning and placement of foster children who become permanent wards. Random sidenote: PairTree Founder, Erin Quick, adopted her first child from Michigan. Michigan is known for its breathtaking landscapes – ranging from rugged trails to sand-covered beaches.

Home Study Providers in Michigan

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Adoption Attorneys in Michigan

3 Adoption Agencies in MI

3 AAAA Attorneys in MI

Academy of Adoption & Assisted Reproduction Attorneys

  • Attorney
    Kenneth A. Rathert
    137 North Park Street
    Kalamazoo, MI 49007
    (269) 349-6808
    (866) 571-9807
    Services Offered Contested Adoption, Dome
  • Attorney
    Teri Rosenzweig
    4301 Orchard Lake Road, Suite 180/150
    West Bloomfield, MI 48323
    (248) 432-1902
    (248) 671-0450
    Services Offered Domestic Adoption, Grandparent Representation, Interstate (ICPC) Adoption, LGBT Family Formation
  • Attorney
    Dion E. Roddy
    2950 West Square Lake Road, Suite 108
    Troy, MI 48098
    (248) 792-7660
    (248) 792-7761
    Services Offered Contested Adoption, Domestic Adoption, Interstate (ICPC) Adoption

Traveling For Your Adoption in Michigan

Length of ICPC
in Michigan

1-30 days


Michigan adheres to the Interstate Compact On The Placement of Children (ICPC) – a uniform law in all 50 States that establishes procedures for the interstate placement of children. The ICPC also places specific responsibilities on those involved in placing the children. The three principle goals of the ICPC are to:

Protect the children being placed.
Ensure that they receive the services they need.
Facilitate permanent placements for those children who are in state custody

Adoption Law FAQ in Michigan

Advertising Law Info

Adoption Law Info

Home Study Info

  • Elements of a Home Study for Adoption
    Citation: Comp. Laws § 710.23f
    A preplacement assessment is based upon personal interviews and visits at the residence of the individual being assessed, interviews of others who know the individual, and reports received under this subsection. The assessment shall contain all of the following information about the individual being assessed:
    • Age, nationality, race, ethnicity, and any religious preference
    • Marital and family status and history
    • Physical and mental health, including any history of substance abuse
    • Education and employment history and any special skills and interests
    • Property and income, including outstanding financial obligations
    • Reason for wanting to adopt
    • Whether the individual has ever been the respondent in a domestic violence proceeding or a proceeding concerning a child who was allegedly abused, dependent, deprived, neglected, abandoned, or delinquent, and the outcome of the proceeding
    • Whether the individual has ever been convicted of a crime
    • Any fact or circumstance that raises a specific concern about the suitability of the individual as an adoptive parent
    The applicant must submit:
    • A document from the Michigan State police and the FBI describing all of the individual’s criminal convictions or stating that the agency’s records indicate that the individual has not been convicted of a crime
    • The results of a physical examination that indicates that the individual is free from any known condition that would affect his or her ability to care for an adopted child
  • Grounds for Withholding Approval for Adoption
    Citation: Comp. Laws §§ 710.23f; 710.22a
    If the child-placing agency determines that the information in the preplacement assessment raises a specific concern, the child-placing agency shall find that the individual is not suitable to be an adoptive parent. The conclusion shall be supported by a written account of how one or more specific concerns pose a risk to the physical or psychological wellbeing of any child or a particular child.
    A child shall not be placed with a prospective adoptive parent and an adoption order shall not be issued if a person authorized to place the child or the court authorized to issue the order has reliable information that the prospective adoptive parent has been convicted of any of the following:
    • Soliciting a child for an immoral purpose or child sexual exploitation
    • Criminal sexual conduct
    • A law of another State substantially similar to any of the above
  • When Home Studies Must Be Completed for Adoption
    Citation: Admin. Code R 400.12708
    An agency shall have on file a written adoption evaluation and agency recommendation before approving the adoptive parents for each adoptive placement and before referring a child to, or placing a child in, the home for purposes of adoption.
  • Postplacement Study Requirements for Adoption
    Citation: Comp. Laws §§ 710.46; 710.52; Admin. Code R 400.12711
    Upon the filing of an adoption petition, the court shall direct a full investigation by an employee or agent of the court, a child-placing agency, or the department. The court may use the preplacement assessment and may order an additional investigation by an employee or agent of the court or a child-placing agency. The following shall be considered in the investigation:
    • The best interests of the adopted child
    • The adopted child’s family background, including names and identifying data regarding the parent or parents, if obtainable
    • The reasons for the child’s placement away from his or her parent or parents
    A written report of the investigation shall be filed within 3 months after the order for investigation.
    During the period before entry of the order of adoption, the child shall be supervised at the direction of the court by an employee or agent of the court, a child-placing agency, or the department, who shall make reports regarding the adjustment of the child in the home. The investigations shall be made under reasonable circumstances and at reasonable intervals.
    In a direct placement, the child shall be supervised during the period before entry of the order of adoption by the childplacing agency that investigated the placement or, in the court’s discretion, by another child-placing agency.
    In regulation: An agency shall provide postplacement supervision for the adoptive family at the adoptive parent(s)’ home as needed, but not less than once every 3 months, after the placement of a child and until the final order of adoption.
    The agency shall:
    • Assess and record the child’s and adoptive family’s adjustment and, where needed, include plans to assist the child or adoptive family
    • Keep the adoptive parents informed of the results of the agency’s continuing assessment of the placement at the conclusion of each visit


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