Adoption in North DakotaNorth Dakota is home to the wide open, desolate Badlands and Theodore Roosevelt National Park. In North Dakota, any adult, married or single, may adopt. Generally, adoptions can not be finalized out of state, and Adopting Parents must use a facilitator from Department of Human Services. Interesting historical fact: the first camera was invented in 1887, and founder, David Henderson, scrambled the state's letters and added a 'k' to name his camera, Kodak.
Home Study Providers in North Dakota
PairTree Home Study
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Adoption Attorneys in North Dakota
Adoption Agencies in ND
AAAA Attorneys in ND
Academy of Adoption & Assisted Reproduction Attorneys
AttorneyWilliam P. Harrie201 N. 5th St., Suite 1800, P.O. Box 2626
Fargo, ND 58102Services Offered Assisted Reproduction, Contested Adoption, Domestic Adoption, Intercountry Adoption, Interstate (ICPC) Adoption, Mediation, Egg Donation, Embryo Donation, Surrogacy
AgencyJM123 Easy St
Shoreline, WA 98155
Traveling For Your Adoption in North Dakota
Length of ICPC
in North Dakota
North Dakota adheres to the Interstate Compact On The Placement of Children (ICPC) – a uniform law in all 50 States that establishes procedures for the interstate placement of children. The ICPC also places specific responsibilities on those involved in placing the children. The three principle goals of the ICPC are to:
Protect the children being placed.
Ensure that they receive the services they need.
Facilitate permanent placements for those children who are in state custody
Adoption Law FAQ in North Dakota
Advertising Law Info
Can adoptive parents advertise for birth parents?
State Advertising Code of Law
Citation: Cent. Code § 23-16-08; 50-11-06; 50-19-11; 50-12-17
A person may not advertise, without a license from the Department of Human Services to do so, in any public medium (1) that the person knows of a child who is available for adoption, (2) that the person is willing to accept a child for adoption, or (3) that the person knows of prospective adoptive parents for a child.
Adoption Law Info
Who Can Adopt?
A single adult or a husband and wife jointly may adopt. A married individual may adopt singly if the adoptee is not the adopting parentâs spouse, if the adopting parent is a stepparent, if the adopting parent is legally separated from his/her spouse, or if the spouse is excused from petitioning to adopt by the court for reasonable cause.
Can out-of-state residents finalize an adoption?
Can adopting parents use an adoption facilitator or another paid intermediary?
Yes, but adopting parents must use an adoption facilitator that is licensed by the Dept. of Human Service.
What birth parent expenses may be paid, and in what time period?
Medical. Counseling and living related to adoption and placement, for no longer than 6 weeks following delivery unless the court determines birth mother canât be employed because of physical disabilities related to the birth. Living expenses do not include lost wages, gifts, educational expenses, vacations or other similar expenses.
When does consent become irrevocable? If consent is revoked, is return to birth parent automatic?
After termination of parental rights at a termination hearing in court and an order is issued. If a consent is part of an adoption (which is rare, but can happen in relative adoptions, etc.), a consent to adoption can be revoked any time before entry of a decree of adoption, but not after.
Qualifications for Adoptive Parents for adoption
Citation: Gen. Stat. § 14-15-03
The following individuals may adopt:
• A husband and wife together although one or both are minors
• An unmarried adult
• The unmarried father or mother of the child being adopted
Home Study Info
Elements of a Home Study for Adoption
Citation: Admin. Code § 75-03-36-31
The following information shall be included in the adoption assessment:
• Motivation for adoption
• Strengths and challenges of each family member
• The attitudes and feelings of family members and extended family regarding adoption
• Evidence of stability of the adoptive parentsâ marital or other significant relationships
• The applicantâs understanding of and plans for assisting a minority child to understand and value his or her racial and cultural background
• Attitudes of the applicant toward the birth parents and their reasons for placement
• The applicantâs plan for discussing adoption with the child
• The applicantâs emotional stability and maturity, including a history of treatment for substance abuse, mental health concerns, abuse or neglect issues, or other issues impacting the applicantâs emotional stability and maturity
• The applicantâs parenting skills
• The attitude of the applicantâs birth children or previously adopted children about adoption, if applicable
• Reports of the physical examination of the applicant or self-disclosure of medical concerns, current within the past 12 months
• The applicantâs ability to provide financially for the adopted child with or without financial assistance under subsidized adoption, including the availability of health insurance
• The applicantâs references, including at least five personal and community character references
• The applicantâs religious preference, if any
• A description of the applicantâs home and community
• Plans for child care if the applicant works
• Plans for care of the child in the event of the death of the applicant after the adoption
• Results of fingerprint-based criminal history records and child abuse and neglect index checks
• Recommendations for adoption in regard to number, age, sex, characteristics, and special needs of children best served by the applicants
Grounds for Withholding Approval for Adoption
Citation: Admin. Code § 75-03-36-31
When an applicant is denied a positive recommendation for adoption, the child-placing agency shall inform the applicant, in writing, of the reasons the child cannot be placed in the applicantâs home.
When Home Studies Must Be Completed for Adoption
Citation: Admin. Code §§ 75-03-36-28; 75-03-36-31
A child-placing agency may not place a child into an adoptive home without a full adoption assessment being completed on the prospective adoptive parents, including required fingerprint-based criminal history record investigations and child abuse and neglect index investigations.
The child-placing agency shall require an adoptive family assessment be updated at least every 2 years from the date of completion of the original assessment until a child is placed into the home for the purpose of adoption.
Postplacement Study Requirements for Adoption
Citation: Gen. Stat. § 14-15-11; Admin. Code § 75-03-36-30
After the filing of a petition to adopt a child, an investigation must be made by a licensed child-placing agency to inquire into the conditions and antecedents of the child being adopted and the petitioner to determine whether the adoptive home is a suitable home for the child and whether the proposed adoption is in the best interests of the child.
The report of the investigation must contain:
• A review of the childâs history
• A preplacement adoption assessment of the petitioner, including a criminal history record investigation
• A postplacement evaluation of the placement with a recommendation as to the granting of the petition for adoption
• Any other information the court requires regarding the petitioner or child
In regulation: The child-placing agency shall:
• Make continuing supportive services available for children and families following adoptive placement
• Interview all members of the adoptive family in the family home
• Have face-to-face visits with the child on a monthly basis primarily in the childâs residence
• Provide assistance to the adoptive family in completing the legal adoption of the child